VARROACIDE

VARROACIDE

Acaricide, Scabicide, Mite killer

COMPOSITION:

Varroacide is a pure herbal drug composed of active ingredients from two phenol-rich herbs including thyme and lavender, and some other medicinal herbs with the goal of eliminating the mite (Varroa Destructor) contamination in bee hives. Varroacide contains highly potent antimicrobial, acaricide and insecticide compounds. The most important ingredients in this drug are phenolic compounds such as thymol, carvacrol and linalool.

MECHANISM OF ACTION:

Varroacide contains two very strong phenolic substances called thymol and carvacrol. A wrong concentration of the ingredients can result in toxicity to honey bees. Therefore, concentration of two phenols which are mainly present in the thyme essential oil, was precisely determined and incorporated in the final drug. Varroacide also contains linalool and some other monoterpenoids which are usually found in lavender essential oil and have significant antimicrobial activities and similar to thymol and carvacrol, have specific strong smell. One beneficial superiorities of the varroacide  is its dual effect on both mites and honey bees; it destroys the mites while empowers the bees against infectious diseases. Varrocide exerts its acaricidal activity through two ways.  The first method is to interfere with olfactory sensors of the ticks. Mites can recognize the bees by sensing the specific smell of the bees, then ride on the bees body. Naturally occurring phenolic compounds and some aromatic substances present in the thyme and lavender essential oil have a very strong odor. These phenolic substances sick with tentacles and olfactory sensors, interfere with the operation of the sensors, and eventually confuse the tick to find and ride on the bees.

Thymol as one of the major active ingredients in Varroacide, can sensitize the GABA-activated RDL receptors of the varroa mites to be readily activated by other aromatic substances present in Varroacide such as phenolics and monoterpenoids. This forms a synergy between the aromatic active ingredients of the Varroacide and as a result, the drug can interrupt the olfactory system of the mite and therefore the mite will be strayed and also lost the bees. Thus, a short time after applying the varroacide, the mites will be highly sensitized to all odors present in the beehive environment and as a result, the normal function of their chemosensing and olfactory systems will be disrupted. In addition, other natural ingredients in Varrocide, including carvacrol and alpha-terpineol can specifically target the TRAP1 receptor disrupts the normal function of the nervous system in gastrointestinal tract and also decreases the reproduction capability of the mites. On the other hand, Varroacide also contains an herbal substance called linalool. Similar to other phenolics, it can affect the chemical and olfactory receptors of the tick, but it also has a distinct and deadly feature. It can penetrate into the mite internal circulation (called hemolymph) and cause poisoning and death. Additionally, it profits from its strong antimicrobial properties and therefore it can disinfect the hive environment, and prevent the bacterial and infectious diseases in bees.

THERAPEUTIC FEATURES:

Varroacide is an herbal remedy with strong acaricide and ectoparasiticide activities. Its specific target is Varroa destructor; the most important parasite of the honey bees. The drug has no side effects which usually seen by using chemical anti-mite drugs; such as remaining residues in bee body accumulation in honey and beeswax, and does not cause fungal and bacterial resistance and therefore is safe for honeybees and humans. It should be noted that the drug has an herbal source contains the controlled amount of ingredients; therefore it does not affect the quality and hygiene of honey.

INDICATIONS:

For the prevention and treatment of parasitic diseases of the bees (e.g. Varroa destructor).

TARGET ANIMALS:

Honey bee

INSTRUCTIONS TO USE:

Spray the drug directly onto the bees in the space between the combs in which each comb side should receive sufficient amount of the drug for all residing bees; 30-50 ml per hive that should be equally sprayed in comb sides (4-5 ml per bee space/comb side). The best time for applying the drug is at the sunset when all bees returned hive. Please use the drug following the instructions below:

Therapeutic: use the drug every other day for up to one week.

Preventive: In months which the mites are not common, one episode of applying the drug in each 2 weeks is enough for prevention of the mite challenge but in months known for mite invasion, apply the drug in all hives every week regularly before they were infected by the mite.

CONTRINDICATIONS:

None.